Seven Essential Plants in Rinjani National Park

Seven Essential Plants in Rinjani National Park

Seven pivotal plant species within Rinjani National Park exhibit significant social and economic potential. These plants, recognized as Biodiversity Prospecting or Bioprospecting Plants, have been identified by conservation researchers as crucial contributors to the park’s ecological balance.

Rinjani National Park serves as a sanctuary for a rich variety of protected animals and plants. It functions not only as a research hub but also as a source for plasma collection, emphasizing its dual role as a valuable conservation resource and a popular tourist destination.

Mount Rinjani on the island of Lombok, Indonesia, has emerged as a sought-after natural tourist destination, drawing visitors for activities such as hiking and education. The global recognition of Mount Rinjani’s conservation efforts culminated in the prestigious World Legacy Award bestowed by Conservation International (CI). This acknowledgment solidifies Rinjani’s reputation as the world’s premier tourist destination for exemplary management of its natural resources.

Rinjani Tropical Forest

Upon stepping into Rinjani National Park, one is immediately greeted by the sight of flourishing woodlands, challenging trekking paths, and captivating geological wonders. Naturally, the curiosity arises about the diverse array of animal and plant life thriving within the park’s boundaries. Notably, Rinjani National Park encompasses a substantial 9 percent of the island of Lombok, Indonesia, making it a vast expanse of forested terrain.

Within the park, tropical forests house over 400 tree species and 153 medicinal plants, collectively shaping a rich and intricate ecosystem. This biodiverse environment serves as a haven for bioprospecting, revealing plants with essential medicinal properties and contributing to the park’s status as a crucial hub for botanical exploration.

Essential Plants of Rinjani

Numerous countries are actively engaged in the practice of bioprospecting, seeking insights into the biochemical and genetic potential of plants within natural landscapes and forests. The ultimate objective is to harness these botanical resources for the development of high-value products. Given the significant economic value associated with these plants, industries such as medicine, pharmacy, and chemistry are increasingly reliant on bioprospecting to meet their growing needs.

The revelation of biodiversity within plant species brings positive implications for overall scientific advancement. Furthermore, the pursuit extends to the creation of commercially viable products, spanning cosmetics, household goods, and industrial necessities.

Rinjani National Park stands out as a reservoir of untapped potential, housing hundreds of plant species that have yet to be fully explored for their benefits. In recognition of this, the Directorate General of Natural Resources and Ecosystem Conservation (KSDAE) in Indonesia, responsible for conservation efforts, identified seven essential plants—or Biodiversity Prospecting plants—in Rinjani in 2020. Curious about the specifics of these potential plants in Rinjani National Park? Let’s delve into the details.

Morel Mushroom

Morchella Crassipes, commonly known as morels, exclusively thrive in specific tropical forests, with Rinjani National Park being one such habitat. Among the seven potential high-value plants identified in the park, morels are recognized as the second most expensive mushrooms globally.

The utilizable part of this essential plant is its stem, prized for its rich content of antioxidants, carbohydrates, protein, fiber, minerals, essential vitamins, and aromatic compounds. Beyond its nutritional benefits, the plant serves as a valuable source of vegetable protein with diverse food applications. Researchers are actively delving into the exploration of this essential Rinjani plant, recognizing its potential and making it a focal point of scientific inquiry.

Pranajiwa Plants

Euchresta Horsfieldii, also known as Pranajiwa Plants, is a medicinal plant known for its elusive nature and challenging cultivation. Its presence contributes to the diverse array of plants within Rinjani National Park.

This crucial plant boasts a notable oil content, with the fruit pods and seeds being the valuable components. The slightly bitter taste of the fruit or seed may be attributed to the oil concentration.

Being rich in alkaloids and vasoconstrictor substances, this essential plant finds application in various medicinal contexts. It is utilized to address vitality issues, combat tuberculosis, neutralize snake venom, alleviate headaches and migraines, and counteract the narrowing of blood vessels. Despite its difficulty in acquisition and cultivation, the unique properties of Euchresta Horsfieldii make it a noteworthy addition to the botanical diversity of Rinjani National Park.

Forest Spinach

Cyathula prostrate, also known as Forest Spinach, is a medicinal plant characterized by its thick and soft stem. The leaves of this essential plant are the valuable component.

Furthermore, Forest Spinach is rich in saponins, flavonoids, and tannins. This plant serves various medicinal purposes, acting as an antiviral agent, diuretic, antidiarrheal, and providing relief for pain and headaches.

Lombok Orchid

Vanda lombokensis, commonly known as Lombok Orchid, stands out as a crucial plant within Rinjani, bearing a resemblance to other orchids. Despite its similarity, limited research has been conducted on the medicinal benefits of this plant in the health sector.

Plants that exhibit beauty across their various parts hold substantial economic value as ornamental plants. The enchanting allure of the Lombok Orchid, spanning its entire structure, makes it a valuable choice for enhancing the aesthetics of both interior spaces and homes. Are you considering the purchase of Lombok Orchids for adorning your home?

Vanda Orchid

Vanda tricolor, akin to Vanda lombokensis, holds significance as an essential plant. Its role as an ornamental plant adds to its economic value, given the inherent beauty present in all parts of the plant. The aesthetic appeal of every element makes it particularly enticing for enthusiasts of floral beauty, sparking considerable interest among flower lovers who may wish to acquire one.

Nona Makan Sirih Plants or Miss Eating Betel Plants

The essential plant with the Latin name Clerodendron sp thrives in Rinjani National Park, with its leaves and flowers holding numerous benefits. Notably, this plant shares similarities with Pranajiwa plants, containing alkaloid substances such as cytisine.

The significance of this plant lies in its role as a bioprospecting candidate due to its various applications, including enhancing vitality, treating tuberculosis, and neutralizing snake venom. Furthermore, it has proven effective in alleviating headaches, migraines, and addressing the narrowing of blood vessels.

Limbata Orchid

Vanda limbata, a plant species akin to Lombok orchid and Vanda orchid, is an essential plant found in the Rinjani forest, possessing significant socio-economic value.

Due to its elevated market value, this aesthetically pleasing plant is often cultivated as an ornamental species. Additionally, the flowers of the limbata orchid release a delightful fragrance, contributing to its widespread appeal. It’s no surprise that many individuals harbor a fondness for this distinctive Rinjani plant.


Within Rinjani National Park lies a collection of plants with substantial socio-economic potential. Ongoing research holds the promise of commercializing these plants, offering a prospect to enhance the income of local communities.

Encouragingly, there is a growing interest from both the local community and the global population to explore Rinjani National Park, home to Indonesia’s second-highest volcano. Furthermore, the park’s management is committed to empowering the surrounding community by involving professionals. This approach includes the provision of trekking organizers who assist visitors in activities such as trekking, hiking, and camping. Experiencing the breathtaking summit of Mount Rinjani is undoubtedly an unparalleled adventure.

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