Rinjani National Park stands as a remarkable geological phenomenon, captivating numerous global researchers who delve into the intricacies of volcanic processes on Lombok Island. Among the stunning islands in Indonesia, Lombok Island holds a prominent place.
Delving into the science of geology, the discourse revolves around the Earth and its phenomena. Broadly, geology examines the materials shaping the Earth and encompasses processes occurring beneath its surface as well as those manifesting above ground.
The significance of this discussion lies in the fact that Mount Rinjani holds the status of a national park, garnering international acclaim. Acknowledged as the primary site for the Global Geopark Rinjani Lombok and the core zone of the Rinjani Biosphere Reserve Lombok, its status elevates its importance on the global stage.
Situated in a mountainous region, the Gunung Rinjani National Park spans altitudes ranging from 500 to 3,726 meters above sea level, featuring slopes that vary from flat to moderate, and from heavy to very heavy. This diverse topography is a magnet for climbers seeking to conquer the heights and gradients of the Rinjani area, with challenging contours that add to the allure.
Covering an expansive 41,330 hectares and boasting a boundary length of 156.108 km, Mount Rinjani National Park occupies a significant portion of Lombok Island, encompassing 9 percent of its total area. The scale of Rinjani National Park is truly remarkable. Furthermore, designated as an Indonesian National Tourism Strategic Area, Mount Rinjani National Park is a focal point for the Indonesian government’s concentrated efforts in developing it as a Super Priority Tourism Destination, particularly in connection with Mandalika Lombok.
Geological site with Many Awards
Mount Rinjani National Park received several awards including:
World Legacy Award
Gunung Rinjani National Park received the Destination Stewardship category award from Conservation International and the National Geographic Society on June 8, 2004. Recognized for its significant contribution to advancing sustainable tourism principles, the park actively promotes nature conservation, generates economic benefits for local communities, and upholds cultural diversity.
Achievements in Building Technology
Among its noteworthy accomplishments in area management, Gunung Rinjani National Park has implemented various initiatives. These include the establishment of an information technology system within the Rinjani application for efficient data collection, the introduction of online ticketing through the e Rinjani application, CCTV monitoring to oversee the activities of climbers and wildlife, resolution of issues at PKTI Pesugulan, and development of Otak Kokoq Joben tourist destinations through collaborative efforts and Cooperation Agreements. Additionally, the park has facilitated access to Conservation Partnerships and engaged in cooperative management of tourist destinations, fostering community involvement in the preservation and enhancement of the region.
The Geological Sites in Rinjani National Park
What are the geological sites in Rinjani National Park? let’s talk about it.
The initial geological attraction within Rinjani National Park is the Samalas caldera. This distinctive feature contributes to the breathtaking and unparalleled landscape of Mount Rinjani National Park, boasting the highest caldera with an active volcano in Indonesia. The captivating aesthetic appeal of this terrain is the outcome of a series of immensely powerful eruptions that occurred on Mount Samalas. The caldera itself formed as a result of Mount Samalas’ eruption in 1257, marking it as the largest volcanic eruption globally in the past 7,000 years.
Mount Samalas, also recognized as the old Rinjani, is now an integral part of the Rinjani volcano complex. The remnants of this historic mountain can be observed in the formation of the Segara Anak Lake caldera and the majestic Rinjani Mountain.